For citations in the text, please use square brackets and consecutive numbers. We would write [1,2,3,4,5] for consecutive numbers and , ,  for non-consecutive numbers. The numbers in the bibliography section are without square brackets. We prefer numbered references to other styles of references, such as those with abbreviated names and years.
Please write all references using the Latin alphabet. If the title of the book you are referring to is, e.g., in Russian or Chinese, then please write (in Russian) or (in Chinese) at the end of the transcript or translation of the title.
In order to permit cross referencing within SpringerLink, and eventually between different publishers and their online databases, Springer standardizes the format of the references. This feature aims to increase the visibility of publications and facilitate academic research. Please base your references on the examples given in the references section of these instructions. References that do not adhere to this style will be reformatted at our end.
We would like to draw your attention to the fact that references to LNCS proceedings papers are particularly often reformatted due to missing editor names or incomplete publisher information. This adjustment may result in the final papers as published by Springer having more pages than the original versions as submitted by the authors. Here is an example:
Reference as formatted in author’s original version:
Assemlal, H.E., Tschumperlé, D., Brun, L.: Efficient Computation of PDF-Based Characteristics from Diffusion MR Signal. In: MICCAI. Volume 5242. (2008) 70–78
Reference after reformatting by Springer:
Assemlal, H.E., Tschumperlé, D., Brun, L.: Efficient Computation of PDF-Based Characteristics from Diffusion MR Signal. In: Metaxas, D., Axel, L., Fichtinger, G., Székely, G. (eds.) MICCAI 2008, Part II. LNCS, vol. 5242, pp. 70–78. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)
One more line is needed for this reference, as a result of Springer’s adjustment.
Please make sure that all your sources are correctly listed in the reference section.
Do not include references to pieces of work that are not connected with your paper.
The references section at the end of this paper shows a sample reference list with entries for journal articles , an LNCS chapter , a book , proceedings without editors  and , as well as a URL . Please note that Springer proceedings are cited with their publication acronyms and volume numbers.
For your convenience, we have summarized in the "Author Guidelines" document how a proceedings paper should be structured, how elements (headings, figures, references) should be formatted using our predefined styles, etc. We also give some insight on how your paper will be typeset at Springer. The PDF of the Authors Guidelines can be downloaded here or as part of the zip files containing the complete sets of instructions and templates for the different text preparation systems.
Springer has developed LaTeX style files and Word templates to help you prepare your paper. LaTeX is the preferred format (especially for texts containing several formulae), but Word templates are also available.
Access to your published paper
If the conference organizers opt for 4-week free access to the volume on SpringerLink, then participants are able to access all papers via the conference website during this period (usually around the time of the conference).
Conference organizers may also purchase printed books and/or USB-sticks containing navigable content for distribution amongst the participants.
If you have included your email address in the header of your paper, you will receive an email from Springer (roughly four weeks after publication of the volume) linking you to your personal “My Springer” page. From here, you will be able to download the pdf of the entire volume. You will find more details here. If the email address in the header is a life-long address, then Springer will be able to make all your publications accessible from one page.
Springer’s policy on content sharing is given on the following page: http://www.springer.com/gp/springernature/landing/content-sharing
Inserting your ORCID
Springer is the first publisher to implement the ORCID identifier for proceedings, ultimately providing authors with a digital identifier that distinguishes them from every other researcher. ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) hosts a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities to these identifiers. This is achieved through embedding ORCID identifiers in key workflows, such as research profile maintenance, manuscript submissions, grant applications and patent applications. Apply for an individual ORCID at www.orcid.org and include it in the header of your paper.
If figures, tables, animations or text quotations from copyrighted works (including websites) are included in your paper, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder (usually the original publisher) and the author(s) for both the print and the online format. Please take a look at the following page for more details: http://www.springer.com/de/authors-editors/book-authors-editors/book-authors-helpdesk/rights-permissions-and-licensing/19392.
Self-plagiarism, duplicate submissions and “salami publishing” are not acceptable. Kindly refer to the following page for guidelines on publishing ethics, conflict- of-interest statements, and more.
If you wish to extend your Springer Computer Science proceedings paper for publication as a journal article, the following principles must be followed: a) the extended version has to include at least 30% new material; b) it has to cite the original publication and c) it must include an explicit statement about the increment (e.g., new results, better description of materials, etc.).
Each contribution must be accompanied by a Springer copyright form, a so-called 'Consent to Publish' form. Modified forms are not acceptable. Authors will be asked to transfer the copyright of the paper to Springer. This will ensure the widest possible protection and dissemination of information under copyright laws. One author may sign on behalf of all of the authors of a particular paper. In this case, the author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing the material on behalf of any and all co-authors.
A prefilled copyright form is usually made available to authors by the volume editor. In the case of a proceedings volume, it can often be downloaded form the conference website.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format before their paper is submitted to Springer.
CS Proceedings and other multi-author volumes - using LaTeX2e
We recommend the use of LaTeX2e for the preparation of your camera-ready manuscript, together with the corresponding Springer class file.
- (i) llncs.cls, Springer class file;
- (ii) llncs.dem, sample input file, you can use it as a source for your own input;
- (iii) llncs.doc (actually a TeX file), the documentation of the class, with detailed instructions on how the macro package works;
- (iv) llncs.dvi, DVI resulting out of llncs.doc.
CS Proceedings and other multi-author volumes - using LaTeX
We also provide the LaTeX2e source file of an older version of the "Authors' Instructions," which may serve as a further sample input. typeinst.zip contains a separate LaTeX file for the text and EPS file for the figures.
CS Proceedings and other multi-author volumes - using Microsoft Word
Our template for Microsoft Word is: "splnproc1703.dotm". Please read the explanatory typing instructions "SPLNPROC Word 2010-2016 Technical Instructions.pdf" contained in the ZIP archive carefully.
Word 2003 template for the preparation of CS proceeding papers
A document template has been prepared by Springer for use with Word 2003. Predefined style formats are available for all the types of content that are part of a computer science proceedings paper, and these formats can be easily accessed via special toolbars.
The downloadable zip archive contains:
- A pdf of the general guidelines for authors of computer science proceedings papers;
- A pdf of the instructions explaining how to work with the Word 2003 template;
- The Word 2003 template svlnproc1104.dot.
Information for volume editors
If you would like to know more about the tasks of the volume editors, please take a look at the information for editors of Springer computer science proceedings.