To keep things simple and easy to organize – always plan on writing a 4 paragraph essay. By following this same formula, you will be able to plan your essay quickly and easily for any question.
Here is the simple 4 paragraph structure:
- Introduction. This will be a short paragraph of only 2 – 3 sentences. It should clearly introduce the topic and claim made in the Task question. And it should clearly state your opinion and general answer to the call-to-action part of the Task question. See How to Analyze the Essay Question and How to write introductions quickly for IELTS Task 2.
- First Main Idea. Here you provide your first main reason of support for your opinion. Add supporting details and examples.
- Second Main Idea. Here you provide your second main reason of support for your opinion. Add supporting details and examples.
- Conclusion. Simply restate your opinion.
Let’s look at an example of an Agree/Disagree question:
Some people think that all teenagers should be required to do unpaid work in their free time to help the local community. They believe this would benefit both the individual teenager and society as a whole.
Do you agree or disagree?
Here’s how I would structure my essay:
- Introduction. I paraphrase the first sentence about requiring teenagers to volunteer in the community. I state my opinion that I agree because it benefits both the teenager and the community.
- First main reason why I agree – it benefits the individual teenager. Explain how it benefits them and give examples – opens their eyes to the problems of others, instills discipline and commitment, helps their communication skills as they have to work with others, etc.
- Second main reason why I agree – it benefits society as a whole. Explain how it benefits society and give examples – helps create stronger bonds within communities if teenagers are involved, communities always need helping hands in various projects – clean ups, setting up free events, providing services for elderly, sick or poor, etc.
- Conclusion – restate that I believe that community volunteering is important to both teenagers as individuals and to society as a whole.
I’ll be writing more examples of other question types, so check back!
Posted in IELTS Writing, Writing Task 2 Tagged with: IELTS Writing, Writing Task 2
Paragraph One: Introduction
Three reasons for my opinion
Paragraph Two: Develops the first reason by giving examples
Develops the second reason, giving facts and statistics to support the statement.
Develops third reason, giving an example
Paragraph Five: Conclusion
Restatement of thesis
Summary of reasons
Why You Should Vaccinate Your Kids
sample essay for student use by Trudy Morgan-Cole
Since Edward Jenner introduced the first successful smallpox vaccine by injecting an eight-year-old boy with cowpox pus in 1796, vaccines have been an important part of public health care around the world (“Edward Jenner”). Yet today, many parents choose not to vaccinate their children. Because vaccines are widely supported by research, have few side effects, and have proven successful in halting the spread of disease, I believe it is important that all parents continue to vaccinate their children.
All major health organizations, including the Centres for Disease Control and the World Health Organization, recommend vaccination. The value of vaccination is supported by research from around the world, and researchers are constantly working to improve the safety and effectiveness of vaccines. Epidemiologists, the scientists whose job is to study the outbreak of disease, all recommend vaccination.
Many parents worry about the safety of vaccines. While side effects do occur, they are usually minor, like redness or swelling around the site of an injection. In Canada, only about one in a million doses of vaccine leads to serious side effects (“Fact and Fiction”). The most famous study linking vaccines to autism, one which got many parents worried about vaccination, has been proven false and the doctor who conducted the study has had his medical license taken away (Triggle).
Around the world, increased vaccination leads to better public health. Diseases like smallpox and polio which once killed and disabled millions of people are virtually unknown today thanks to immunization programs. Yet in countries like Afghanistan and Pakistan where the Taliban discourage immunization, rates of polio are on the rise again (Nordland).
If and when you have children, please get them vaccinated. The risks are minimal and you’ll not only be following the best advice of medical science and protecting your own child from disease; you’ll be helping in the fight to eradicate infectious diseases in your community and around the world.
“Edward Jenner (1749-1823),” BBC History: Historic Figures. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/jenner_edward.shtml
“Immunization Fact and Fiction,” Public Health Agency of Canada. http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/im/iyc-vve/fic
Nordland, Rod, “After Year of Decline, PolioCases in Afghanistan Triple in a Year.” The New York Times, Jan. 17, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/18/world/asia/after-years-of-decline-polio-cases-in-afghanistan-rise.html
Triggle, Nick, “MMR Doctor Struck from Register,” BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8695267.stm