Harvard Referencing Bibliography Imageshack

Note: Snooks (2002) does not provide guidance for images, photographs or illustrations. The following derivative elements should be cited consistently. Use the following examples for image/illustrations and photographs in printed and electronic books.

What should be included:
Elements for a reference for an image within a publication are: Person/s responsible for the image, date of publication, Title in Italics, format, date viewed (if electronic), <URL if electronic>.


for example Aubrey Beardsley's drawing The Stomach Dance (Gorman 2001, p. 69) has particular linear qualities..........


Annie Leibovitz's photographic work Robert La Fosse, New York City 1990 (Leibovitz 1992, fig. 6) captures the essence of the dancer's pain.........

Note:Include the author/artist and title of the work in the body of the text and put an in-text reference for the book that the image/illustration is in.

Reference list:

Gorman, P 2001, The look: adventures in pop & rock fashion, Sanctuary Publishing, London.

Leibovitz, A 1992, Dancers, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Note: If there is no place of publication listed in the book use n.p. e.g.: Gorman, P 2001, The look: adventures in pop & rock fashion, Sanctuary Publishing Ltd, n.p.

What should be included:

Where you include any images in your essay, thesis or work, you can describe them as figures. You will need to include them in reference.

  • Figures need to be numbered e.g. Figure 1. or Fig.1 or Figs. 1,2,3. and captioned (described),  place caption directly under the image.
  • Number all Figures in the order they first appear in the text. 
  • Figures must be referred to in the main body of the text.
  • Refer to them in the text by their number.

In-text citations should include the author/artist/designer and date.

The Reference List should include the author/artist/designer, date, title, format, publisher, viewed date and <URL>.

Example image with caption:

Figure 1: RMIT buildings - Brunswick Campus by Margund Sallowsky, RMIT University, 2006.


Figure 1. (Margund Sallowksy 2006) captures the inventive building design at Brunswick Campus

Reference list:

Sallowksy, M 2006, RMIT buildings - Brunswick Campus, digital image, RMIT University, viewed 12 January 2012, <http://mams.rmit.edu.au/weixddjbxxs81.JPG>.



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