Bhagat Singh-A legendary Hero
“One day an innocent boy of three was out for a walk with his father and an elderly man. Chatting they walked on and went beyond the village. The elders were walking along the edge of a field. Not hearing the footsteps of the boy, the father looked back. Thy boy was sitting on the ground and seemed to be planting something. The father became curious.
“What are you doing?” said he.
“Look, father, I shall grow guns all over the field”, was the innocent reply of the boy. Both the elders were struck with wonder at the little boy’s words. The boy was Bhagat Singh who later fought like a hero for India’s freedom and sacrificed his life.”
Bhagat Singh born in a sikh family of farmers in the Village of Banga of Layalpur district of then Punjab of September 27th of 1907. His family too stood for patriotism, reforms and freedom of the country. His grandfather Arjun singh was attracted to Arya Samaj, a reformist movement of Hinduism, and took kee interest in proceedings of the Indian National Congress. Bhagat Singh’s father Kishen Singh and Uncle Ajit Singh were members of Ghadar Party founded in the U.S. to root out British rule from India. Both his father and uncle were jailed for alleged anti-British activities. Ajit Singh had 22 cases against him and was forced to flee to Iran. Thereafter he went to Turkey, Austria, Germany and finally to Brazil to escape Kalapani punishement for his revolutionary activities in India.
Young Bhagat Singh was brought up in a politically charged state of Punjab which was left with a seething memory of the Jalianwala massacre wherein more than 400 innocent people were killed mercilessly and thousands injured (1919). He was so moved by the episode that he went to this spot to collect soil from the park of Jalianwala (bagh) in his lunch box, sanctified by the blood of the innocent and kept it as memento for life, he was then just fourteen years old.
He was studying at the National College founded by Lala Lajpatrai, a great revolutionary leader and reformist. To avoid early marriage he ran away from home and became a member of the Youth Organization, Noujawan Bharat Sabha. He met Chandra Shekhar Sharam (Azad), B.K. Butt and other revolutionaries there. They used to print handouts and newspapers in secret and spread political awareness in India through Urdu, Punjabi and English Language. These were the banned activities in India at that time and punishable with imprisonment.
Anti-British feelings were spreading; Indians wanted some proper representation in running the administration of their country to which British reciprocated only on paper. Noticing restlessness was spreading. The British Government appointed a Commission under the leadership of Sir John Simon in 1928 to report on political happenings. There was no single Indian member in this Commission and all the political parties decided to boycott the Commission when it planned to visit major cities of India.
In Lahore, Lala Lajpatrai and Pandit Madan Mohan Malavia decided to protest to the commission in open. It was a silent protest march, yet the police chief Scoot had banned meetings and processions. Thousands joined without going room for any untoward incident. Even then, Scott beat Lala Lajaptrai severely with the a lathi on the head several times that caused the untimely death of the great leader.
Bhagat Singh who was an eye witness to the morbid scene vowed to take revenge and with the help of Azad, Rajguru and Sukhadev plotted to kill Scoot. Unfortunately he killed saunders, a Junior Officer-by a mistaken identity. He had to flee from Lahore to escape death punishment.
Instead of finding the root cause for discontent among the Indians the British government took more repressive measures. Under the Defence of India Act, it gave more power to the police to arrest persons to stop processions with suspicious movements and actions. The act brought in the council was defeated by one vote. Even then it was to be passed in the form of an ordinance in the “interest of the public”. No doubt the British were keen to arrest all the leaders who opposed its arbitrary action and Bhagat Singh who was in hiding volunteered to throw a bomb in the central assembly hall where the meeting to pass the ordinance was being held. It was a carefully laid out plot, not to cause death or injury but to draw the attention of the government that the modes of its suppression could no more be tolerated. It was agreed that Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt would court arrest after throwing the bomb.
Bhagat Singh and dutt threw handouts and bombed in the corridor not to cause injury and courted arrest after shouting slogans Inquilab Zindabad (Long Live, Revolution).
The killers of saunders were meanwhile identified by the treachery of Bhagat Singh’s friends who became “Approvers”. Bhagat Singh thought the court would be a proper venue to get publicity for the cause of freedom and did not want do disown the crime. There he gave a fiery statement giving reasons for killing which was symbolic of freedom struggle. He wanted to be shot like a soldier and not die at the gallows. But, his plea was rejected and he was hanged on the 23rd March, 1931. He was then just 24.
Bhagat Singh became a legendary hero for the masses. Innumerable songs were composed about him and the youth throughout the country made him their ideal. He became a symbol of bravery and a goal to free India.
Bhagat Singh English Essay- Short Essay On Bhagat Singh For Kids
|Subject||Write an English essay on Bhagat Singh in your words.|
|Grade/Class||3rd to 10th standard|
|Number of words||300 words|
|Age group||8 – 15 years|
Bhagat Singh is considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian Independence Movement.
Bhagat Singh was born on September 27, 1907, in a Sikh family in KhatkarKalan, Punjab, in British India. His grandfather Arjan Singh, father Kishan Singh and uncleAjit Singh, were all active in the freedom struggle. Family atmosphere had a great effect on the mind of young Bhagat Singh and patriotism flowed in his veins from childhood.
While studying at the local D.A.V. School in Lahore, in 1916, young Bhagat Singh came into contact with some well-known political leaders like Lala LajpatRai and Ras Bihari Bose. In 1919, when JalianwalaBagh massacre took place, Bhagat Singh was only 12 years old. The massacre deeply disturbed him. On the next day of massacre Bhagat Singh went to Jalianwala Bagh and collected soil from the spot and kept it as a memento for the rest of his life. The massacre strengthened his resolve to drive British out from India.
In 1925, he initiated the militant youth organization called the NaujawanBhratSabha. Bhagat Singh was an active member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army. To avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, he killed Saunders on 17th December, 1928.
On April 8, 1929 Bhagat Singh threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall while the Assembly was in session. His slogan of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ made a great impact on the youth during the freedom movement. In jail, he went on hunger strike to protest the inhuman treatment of fellow-political prisoners by jail authorities. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged a day before the appointed day on March 23rd, 1931. Bhagat Singh was just 23 at that time. He has rightfully been given the title of Shaheed-e-Azam (King of Martyrs).
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Tags: Bhagat Singh, Independence, India
Author: Aspee. Date: