Romeo and Juliet Act 3 Scene 1Get Your
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How does Shakespeare make Act 3 Scene 1 such a dramatic scene? William Shakespeare makes Act 3 Scene 1 of Romeo and Juliet crucially dramatic to emphasize its importance to the play as a whole. The use of tense dialogue, provoking language and aggressive action creates dramatic tension and conflict which engages and interests the audience to the scene. These techniques highlight the scene’s significance as the main turning point of events from a romance to a tragedy. The scene opens up into an extremely tense and irritable atmosphere which foreshadows conflict and hostility.
Benvolio introduces the tense mood by saying ‘The day is hot,’ which presents connotations of anger and frustration, creating drama which interests and engages the audience. Benvolio then says, ‘the Capels are abroad, And if we meet, we shall not ‘scape a brawl,’ foreshadowing conflict and drama, immediately catching the audience’s attention. Despite Benvolio’s request to withdraw from the public areas, Mercutio refuses and attempts to provoke Benvolio into aggression, by listing the reasons that Benvolio would quarrel.
Mercutio lists ‘Why thou wilt quarrel with a man that hath a hair more or a hair less, in his beard than thou hast,’ showing Mercutio’s rebellious and hot-headed nature. Mercutio then explains Benvolio would quarrel by saying ‘Thy head is as full of quarrels as an egg is full of meat’ demonstrating dramatic irony and creating humour because of Benvolio’s role in the play as the peacekeeper. The irony is Mercutio’s conversation with Benvolio highlights the tension and aggression in the character at this point of the play which indicates the feuds and tragedies that will occur later in the scene.
The tension and aggression that is introduced at the beginning of the scene gradually develops as the scene continues. Tybalt enters the scene looking for Romeo to seek revenge on his presence at the Capulet Ball. Mercutio then begins to provoke Tybalt into a fight through the use of insults and ridicule. When Tybalt says Mercutio ’consort’st’ with Romeo, Mercutio answers, ‘Consort? What dost thou make us minstrels? ’’ in an attempt to aggravate Tybalt by ridiculing his choice of words. Tybalt then discovers Romeo and tries provocation to engage him in a conflict.
He calls Romeo a ‘villain’ which was an extreme insult for a noble man during the Elizabethan Era. Despite Tybalt’s attempts, Romeo remains calm and tries to soften Tybalt’s fury by telling him ‘Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee, Doth much excuse the appertaining rage. ’ These lines create unease and dramatic irony as the love Romeo feels strongly for Tybalt contrasts with the deep antipathy Tybalt holds for Romeo. As a result tensions and emotions build as their conflict flares.
Tybalt again insults Romeo by calling him ‘boy’ an offending term during the Elizabethan Era and says, ‘this shall not excuse the injuries’ creating drama as the audience realizes how deep Tybalt’s hatred is. Tybalt orders Romeo to fight but Romeo refuses saying ‘I do protest I never injured thee’ adding to the drama as Tybalt’s hate and thirst for conflict clashes with Romeo’s love and yearn for peace. Mercutio is furious at Romeo for denying a fight and provokes Tybalt to generate conflict by saying ‘Tybalt, you ratcatcher, will you walk? mocking Tybalt’s name by referring to a cat in a story with the same name. Tensions and aggressions finally explode as Tybalt agress to Mercutio’s request, engaging the audience in anticipation and excitement. The duel between Mercutio and Tybalt creates dramatic tension and suspense that engages the audience in interest and provides an essential turning point in the play. Romeo tries to discourage Mercutio and Tybalt by telling them ‘Gentlemen for shame! Forbear this outrage. Tybalt, Mercutio! The Prince expressly hath Forbidden brandying in Verona Streets,’ in an effort to systain peace.
The stage directions then state, ‘Tybalt under Romeo’s arm thrusts Mercutio in and flies’ creating suspense and shock as the audience anticipates the future events. While Mercutio dies, he yells at Romeo, blaming him for his death. Mercutio repeats his famous line, ‘A plague o’ both your houses! ’ numerous times. This would have caused fright and shock among the audience as the plague was greatly feared during the Elizabethan Era. Mercutio’s curse on the Capulets and Montagues, foreshadows tragedy and misery, leaving the audience in shock and anticipation of future events.
Mercutio tells Romeo, ‘Why the devil came you between us? I was hurt under your arm,’ transferring blame of his death to Romeo. The impact of Mercutio’s harsh words on Romeo provides an intense transformation of his character. Romeo says ‘And fire-eyed fury be my conduct now,’ providing a dramatic contrast from his passionate and romantic personality in earlier scenes to an aggressive and furious individual full of hatred. Tybalt arrives and challenges him for a fight by taunting him and saying ‘Shalt with him hence’ meaning Romeo will join Mercutio in death.
Romeo answers ‘This shall determine that,’ accepting Tybalt’s request and building tension and suspense as the two duel. Tybalt is eventually slain by Romeo, providing shock and anticipation among the audience, as Romeo realizes his murder of a Capulet. Romeo says ‘Oh, I am fortune’s fool! ’ garnering sympathy from the audience as Romeo associates with his helpless destiny, a major theme throughout the play. To the advice of Benvolio, Romeo flees to escape penalty. After the murder of Tybalt, the citizens, Montagues, Capulets and the Prince arrive to the scene.
Lady Capulet is shocked and distressed upon seeing Tybalt’s corpse. She wails, ‘Tybalt, my cousin! O my brother’s child! O Prince! O cousin! Husband! … O cousin, cousin! ’ The emphasis on exclamation marks, disjointed sentences and repetition of ‘O’ and ‘cousin’ in Lady Capulet’s dialogue highlights her bewilderment and intense sorrow. This adds to the strong tension of the scene as it displays Tybalt not as the apathetic villain full of hatred but a human who was loved, adding to the anticipation of the audience. However Montague pleads to the Prince for mercy.
He begs, ‘Not Romeo, Prince, he was Mercutio’s friend. His fault concludes what the law should end, The life of Tybalt. ’ Montague’s desperation to save his son creates tension and a sense of helplessness which garners sympathy. Lady Capulet says, ‘Romeo slew Tybalt, Romeo must not live. ’ Providing drama and suspense as the audience anticipates Romeo’s fate. The Prince finalizes the actions taken and orders, ‘And for that offence, Immediately we do exile him hence…Else when he’s found that hour is his last. ’ The Prince’s decision of the banishment of Romeo supplies even more anticipation.
Romeo’s exile influences the latter half of the play greatly as it places his and Romeo’s relationship is jeopardy. The impact of the Prince’s decision foreshadows the tragedy at the end and engages and interests the audience to the play. The dramatic impact of the scene is intensely enhanced to engage and interest the audience to mark its significance in the play as the major turning point in ‘Romeo and Juliet. ’ This is done mainly through the placement of the scene after Act 2 Scene 6 which is the marriage scene.
The positions of the scenes provide sharp contrast, highlighting the continuous conflict between love and hate in the play. The romantic and passionate mood of the marriage scene contrasts strongly with the tense, aggressive and suspenseful mood of the fight scene. These distinctions enable the enhancement of suspense which interests the audience and makes the scene more significant and essential. Act 3 Scene 1 is essentially dramatic and thrilling to the audience as it is one of the most important scenes of the play.
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The attitudes towards love, hate, family, honour and revenge are questioned during this scene and provides the audience with detailed information about the play’s social context. The use of tension and suspense engages the audience, marking its significance as the play’s turning point from a romance to a tragedy. It’s key events set many important events to course from friction in Romeo and Juliet’s relationship to their eventual deaths. Using a wide range of textual devices, William Shakespeare has created a vital and dramatic mood that emphasizes the scene’s significance to the play.
Author: Brandon Johnson
Romeo and Juliet Act 3 Scene 1
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Act 3 Scene 1 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet
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Act 3 Scene 1 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet
Shakespeare's play 'Romeo and Juliet' is a good example of a revenge
tragedy. Where the two main characters are star crossed lovers. They
are unable to tell anyone as their families have a feud with one
another. The scene I will be discussing is important to the play as a
whole as it includes conflict, love and tragedy.
Act 1 scene 1, is very similar to act 3 scene 1 in many ways.
Shakespeare has done this to create tension between the two scenes, as
the audience will expect a fight from this scene reflecting the first
one. The prince has to intervene in both but in the first he gives a
warning 'your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace'. The audience
is now aware of this statement. Also to add to this the scenes are
both set in public places, with both Benvolio and Tybalt included.
Benvolio is still very aware of the consequences and tries to be the
peace maker, where as Tybalt still wants to fight again.
The scene is placed in public places both times which shows us how
they are affecting the public and that they are unafraid of fighting
whilst well aware of the princes' speech. This adds tension to the
rest of the play as the audience have acknowledged and remembered the
princes' words, as well as the scenes before.
Within the scene tension is built as most things are repeated from the
first scene, in which there is fight, light hearted banter is used to
start the scene. And when Benvolio states 'It's a hot day, mad blood
is stirring' this is quite alarming as the audience now know something
is going to happen. Being exposed in a public place adds to the
tension as the audience remember princes' warning words, 'your lives
shall pay the forfeit'. The dramatic irony in the scene is most tense
as only the audience are aware of Romeo and Juliet's marriage which
makes the audience anxious and no one knows how both the audience and
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characters are going to respond. The audience are also aware of the
'prologue' at the beginning of the play. 'The words star crossed
Are used which enables us to expect something to happen as they are
both at their highest point of happiness where everything can go wrong
and they will fall.
Tybalt foils Benvolio throughout the scene. He does this as Benvolio
is quite a trustworthy character. He is very aware of the consequences
and is always trying to prevent fights, It shows this where he says
'all eyes gaze on us', where as Tybalt gives the impression of him
having no fear of anything, as he is always up for a fight, 'I am for
you', or 'let's fight'. Their characters are the very opposite of each
Likewise, Romeo and Mercutio act as foils against each other, as Romeo
is very emotional, his emotions differ quickly which gives him his
dramatic character. Romeo is very hot blooded and extreme. This is
shown as he is heart broken first of all, he then falls in love with
Juliet and gets married to her the next day. In act 2 scene 6, the
friar gives a warning has no fear 'violent delights have violent
ends', the audience remember these words which let's them know
something will happen. This either does not bother Romeo and he goes
behind everyone's back and marries Juliet, or it makes him keener as
he has no fear of the consequences, which captivates the audience as
they are now certain that something is going to happen. Where as
Mercutio is very laid back, he is always up for a fight and doesn't
like to show his emotions. An example of this is where he says 'ay,
ay, a scratch, a scratch', this suggests that he is strong, but also
afraid as he is to scared to say to anyone other than Benvolio and
Romeo that it is anything else.
During this scene the theme of love is conveyed in several places. The
first is where Romeo won't fight Tybalt because of his love for
Juliet, an example of this is where Romeo says ' the reason I have to
love thee, doth much excuse the appertaining rage', This sentence
emphasizes that he is at his happiest as his emotions have changed
dramatically. Another example of love is Mercutio showing his love for
Romeo as he steps in to fight for Romeo, e.g. 'vile submission'.
Mercutios words show us he is angry but looking forward to a fight.
Romeos love for Juliet is also conveyed as their love for each other
has caused the whole scene. Shakespeare dislays the theme of conflict
throughout the scene where first of all there is an ancient grudge
upon the two families, which causes Tybalt to fight Romeo. Tybalt then
kills Mercutio, which leads to Romeo killing Tybalt, 'either thou or I
or both of us shall go with him' (Mercutio), this evaluates Romeos
extreme emotions as he has now become a hot blooded italien, 'fire
eyed fury', in revenge of his best friends murder. The idea of fate
runs through the play as the audience are always aware that the lovers
are 'star crossed'. In the same way Romeo thinks that he is 'fortunes
I think that the scene is brilliantly written. I thought that it was
believable as conflict, love and fate are everyday things in our
world. Baz lurhrmans version of this is very similar but in a modern
day world. I think that the reason Baz kept the language and dialect
the same is to have the same ideas portrayed in the story, such as
their laws and beliefs.