Website – A collection of informational pages on the Internet that typically include an article title, author and publisher.
MLA 7 guidelines for online sources do not require listing the URL, unless otherwise specified by your instructor. They do require, however, that you include the publisher or sponsor of the website. Keep in mind that the author or sponsor of a website is commonly a corporation or government entity, rather than an individual.
Citing a website with an author
Last, First M. “Article Title.”Website Title. Website Publisher, Date Month Year Published. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Note: MLA7 does not require the URL/link in a website citation. However, some instructors still ask for it – double-check if your instructor requires it.
Date Accessed: This is the day that the article was found and read.
Feinberg, Ashley. “What’s the Safest Seat in an Airplane?” Gizmodo. Gawker Media, 28 Mar. 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2013.
Citing a website with no author
Note: Depending on the content, credible websites do not always include authors.
“Website Article.” Website Title. Website Publisher, Date Month Year Published. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Note: MLA7 does not require the URL/link in a website citation. However, some of your instructors still ask for it – double-check if your instructor requires it.
Date Accessed: This is the day the article was read and found.
“India.” Travel.State.Gov. Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State, 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 4 May 2010.
Citing Internet Sources in APA Style
Remember that entries in the Works Cited list are listed alphabetically by author.
This page covers web pages and articles in periodical databases such as Lexis-Nexis Academic Universe, FirstSearch, Proquest Direct, JSTOR, Science Direct, etc.
Do not just copy the "citation" given by the databases. While this part provides important information, it often leaves out the far more important information of the access date and the database name. It may also not be in APA style.
The citation for an electronic source includes citation for any print counterpart of the source, followed by information about the electronic resource. It is crucial that this information be included, because the electronic resource may be an updated version of the print counterpart. The date the electronic resource was accessed is important because the resource may be changed before someone looking at your sources checks it.
Thus, the first step in citing information from the Internet is to construct the citation for the print counterpart of the source, if one exists. You will then attach a statement of one of the following forms to the end of the citation:
Retrieved month day, year from the World Wide Web: URL
Retrieved month day, year from database name database (specific database) on the World Wide Web: URL of home page
Note that different details are required for articles obtained from periodical databases. See the table below for precise formatting details.
When citing a web page, cite the specific page from which you obtained information, not the site's home page. Remember that a citation is supposed to make it so your reader can find your original source; including the home page of a large site will do little good.
The APA's document "Electronic References Formats Recommended by the American Psychological Association" provides the most up-to-date information on citing information obtained on the Internet. All the the information presented here is taken from that document.
The components of a References list entry for articles from an online source, listed in the proper order:
|Source with Print Equivalent||Period (.)|
|Author(s)||Period (.) (just one, i.e. not Berman, J..)|
|Update Date||Period (.) outside the parentheses|
|Publication Place||Colon (:)|
|Access Date||None (next element is part of the same sentence)|
|Source and URL||None (so it's not confused as part of the URL)|
A note on italicization and underlining: as of the 5th edition APA prefers italics over underlining. This is a change from previous editions where it was left up to the author.
Citation Examples (from The Ready Reference Handbook)Connolly, F. W. (1995, October 21). Intellectual honesty in the era of computing. Chicago: Loyola University. Retrieved August 9, 1998 from the World Wide Web: http://www.luc.edu/infotech/sae/honesty.html
There are also several examples in the document Electronic References Formats Recommended by the American Psychological Association.
More examples can be found in ONLINE!.