How to write introductory paragraph for research paper
The writing of the research paper is a multi-aspect process. Because this type of academic assignment consists of several parts. If you fail to complete one of the levels, you will fail the whole paper.
Introduction is not a literal beginning
As you know, the hardest part is just to begin the paper. And what should do student at the beginning? Not writing an outline. And not working on the introduction. He should make a massive research on his topic. You cannot start writing an introduction without having a personal view on the issue that you are going to study. You have to prepare for introduction writing though analyzing facts available online and making notes. If it's hard to do it yourself, the online essay help service will solve this problem instantly!
Why do we need an introduction?
The key aim of introduction is to introduce to the reader the purpose of your research. Just imagine any academic writing starting from the main body section. You cannot pour on the reader your evidence, ideas, arguments without explanation of what are you writing about. In the introduction, you must clearly indicate the hypothesis you want to prove or deny. You must explain the necessity of your research, its urgency and significance for your study and, finally, hook readers to continue reading it!
What information can I get from my search for the introduction?
It depends on the discipline you are writing the research paper on. If your field of studies is Humanities, it is likely that you can find a relevant quote, aphorism, anecdote to introduce your topic to the reader. In case you study tech, social, medical sciences quotes are irrelevant. More precise and specific facts will fit such introduction. There is a general rule for all specialties too. You must find a fact that will intrigue a reader. You must hook him.
Attract the reader in any case
Imagine that your research paper is a product that you want to sell and be paid for it. Figuratively, it is truth because your aim is to be rewarded with high mark. The first thing salesmen do to sell their product is a promotion of it. They put efforts and use various methods to hook clients. So, what should writers do to attract a reader? Even if you write a research paper, and the style of writing is formal, it is still necessary and possible to draw his attention.
For example, your research paper topic is “How has the music industry been affected by the internet and digital downloading?”. After a hasty internet search, you can find out that there are many legendary musicians like Radiohead that gave up being dependant on music labels and started to issue their LP by themselves, online. Also, there is a site Pledge Music that is a popular crowdfunding platform for modern musicians. Such popular synth-pop band as IAMX raises money there to record and promote their albums.
This two facts prove that digital downloading somehow effect music industry, and it is urgent to research this topic to learn the character of this effect.
Writing a thesis statement
What do you feel what you watch a good teaser for the movie? You feel hooked, intrigued and eager to watch the story till the end. The same result you must achieve with the thesis statement in research paper. You must indicate the highlights of your essay, and leave an opened question, a mystery, which the reader will want to learn for sure.
To provide a worthy example of research paper thesis statement lets return to the discussed above topic “How has the music industry been affected by the internet and digital downloading?”.
A thesis statement is a point that you will have to defend. It mandatorily must not be general. For example, if you declare this statement during the conversation, it will surely provoke a conflict and make all people differ in their attitude and take a side.
Wrong way: “Downloading music from internet is bad and we must fight it."
It leaves too many questions to answer. And this statement is a way too objective, it does not reflect the controversy of your topic. The truth is that there are no absolutely good or totally bad phenomenon. And your thesis statement must show the reality.
Right way: “The culture of digital music consumption must be changed because the creations of musicians become worthless due to activity of web pirates and people stop valuing music according to its merit .”
In this example of thesis, I’ve narrowed my argument to consequences of digital music download on culture of music consumption. I’ve also focused on the fact that main harm for music industry present web pirates. It induces readers to assume that I will argue against them in the main body.
To check if you have created a debatable thesis statement for the research paper, you must figure out whether it is debatable. It means that you must make reader argue either for or against this statement.
Wrong way: “The music industry has changed because of era of the internet.”
It is a statement, but not a thesis statement. It is a general truth. There is no point to argue with that fact. You can narrate about that, but not argue and make research to provide proper evidence to prove your point.
Right way: “Free music download sites must become commercial because recording a music is a full-time job of musicians and every work must be rewarded.”
Now it is debatable. Opponents can argue that product that music product is not principal way to earn money for musicians, and internet is a the most effective way to promote their creation and lure audience to visit their concerts, what is a real way to earn money.
Avoid puzzlement. It means that you must not overdo with previous two thesis statement tips. It must be focused and debatable and should also show your side. In the latter example we can easily see that the writer is against free music download because it affects negatively on the work of music industry and he is going to prove why in the main body.
Research paper introduction writing tips
Research paper introduction is essential part of your writing and it must be created according to certain rules. It is true that when you write any kind of text you can push yourself too hard and cross borders of norms. Because academic styles of writing are referred to creative writing as well. You look for information, then analyze it, come up with thoughts, ideas, and reflect it in a coherent text. Next tips will show you how to fulfill the purpose of research paper introduction and get rid of the creative mess.
Size matters. Before a tutor starts reading the article, he reviews it visually. If the size of introduction is too large, it will make a bad impression on your paper. Just remember, all you have to present in the introduction is: definition of the topic idea and its urgency, explanation of the aim of the research, facts to hook the reader and thesis statement.
Be logical. Your introduction will be really strong if it contains key ideas only in few sentences. To reach such result it is important to satisfy logical connection of the thoughts. Your goal is to make reader understand in the end of the introduction what exactly you attempted to achieve in research paper and why this problem worth profound research.
Make it the last part. Many successful students firstly work on the whole outline, write the body of the paper and only then form the introduction. That’s because a person becomes more sure in what direction his research goes only after at least shallow search and analysis of sources.
Review previous studies of your topic. Every person can study the same topic in a different way. Before you start your own research, you must become aware of the discoveries other scholars made on this issue. Any result will be a reliable background for the future work. Note that it is better to indicate recent developments in the primary research rather than a lengthy report.
Research paper introduction example
Finally, when we have analyzed all highlights of introduction writing we can gather all parts of it in one, ultimate part of a paper. Lets refresh the exemplary topic of it: “How has the music industry been affected by the internet and digital downloading?”. Now, have a look at research paper introduction example:
“The musical marketing turns to be digital according to demands of current online epoche. Such underground, but worldwide famous bands like Radiohead and IAMX gain profit from the internet and use it as a primary source to show the audience their creation. On the other hand, many artists find digital era harmful and destructive for their creativity because there are many sites that offer their product for free, giving no profit to the creator. Currently, there are more and more studies that reveal the business side of music industry far from a positive side. This research paper will define whether the culture of digital music consumption must be changed because the creations of musicians become worthless due to an activity of web pirates and because people have stopped valuing music according to its merit.”
As you see, all main components are preserved in the example above. First sentences hook readers, the mid part of the introduction prove the reason of the research and thesis statement puts debatable argument that needs further analysis and right solution.
Integrity is a key
After you created the final paper, be decisive to make necessary changes and correction especially before the submission. It usually happens that in the end of the research a writer can face with inconsistencies in all sections of his writing. If the whole paper does not sound a cohesive text, make improvements. If your main part does not the answer the question raised in the introduction nothing obstructs you from adjusting its sense to the ideas from the main body. A paper with a cohesive text deserve high mark, so rule your writing!
Now you’re a winner
I suppose that before you came across this article you underestimated the value of worthy introductive paragraph. In fact, I have not introduced you another meaningful feature of it. You know that all academic essay must end with a conclusive paragraph. There is an assumption that this is the hardest part of research paper completion. In fact, if you have succeeded in making of impressive introduction, you will significantly facilitate the process of conclusion writing.
Career Research Report
My future profession is Business Management. There are several reasons why I am interested in such a profession. First, business management offers one the chance to develop both as a person and as an employee. Managing other employees is an experience that enables one to learn how to interact effectively with other people and ways of managing conflicts. Additionally, it puts one directly responsible for the implementation of the organization’s objectives that ensure the overall success of the business.
As a result, I feel that a profession in business management can give me the opportunity to work together with other people in achieving certain goals. Also, in this profession, there are numerous career advancement options with the rapidly changing business environment especially with the developments in technology and ethical business practices. My research will analyze this profession with the aim of coming up with the key requirements and experience needed for one to practice it.
Trends in Business management
As trade expands, nations around the world are looking for more market opportunities for their products and services. As a result, trade barriers such as export and import taxes have been reduced or eliminated. Additionally, movement around the world has been made easier with the introduction of friendly immigration rules. The rise of China and India in the East has resulted in a level business playground by eliminating the West’s domination of world trade. Consequently, developments in one part of the world have the potential to affect the economies of other nations as demonstrated in the recent financial recession of the US.
Globalization has had an impact on the skills expected from college graduates who are looking to have a career in business management. Graduates are now expected to possess skills that can be applied anywhere in the world and not just their own countries. Many international companies are also devolving their managerial duties by having regional managers in every market/production location instead of the traditional practice of having a single and powerful business headquarter.
Technology has influenced the business environment in a great way. Business products are being designed and developed by people in different locations of the world connected to each other by the Internet. The whole process of production and manufacturing has been automated. Marketing is now done through websites and social media unlike the old newspapers, TV and magazines advertisement channels. Real-time communication has also enabled people to learn about new business ideas and innovations from other nations instantly.
These changes in technology have affected the business landscape by introducing new markets and increasing the level of global competition among companies. Besides competing, companies are also cooperating to ensure efficient and faster business services. For example, a foreign company can hire local labor managed by a local company instead of having to ship in its own workforce.
By having a deep understanding of human emotion, cognition, behavior and motivation, businesses are now developing products and services that are tailored to meet new and unrecognized needs of the consumers. Additionally, this has helped business to know how to attract and maintain employees with the right skills. Having knowledge about one’s skills and preferences has enabled businesses to match employees with the right jobs and that has greatly increased productivity at the workplace.
This trend of using psychology in business and management practices is fairly new. It can be considered as a future trend since the research on the topic is limited for now. Businesses are using psychology to measure and ensure customer satisfaction by studying their responses and reactions to the products and services offered by a certain company. Institutional psychology is also a relatively young field but is crucial in ensuring the success of the business goals.
With the developed communication channels brought about by technology, consumers are now involved in the pre-design of the products and services that they would like a certain company to offer them. Such kinds of initiatives form a strong bond between the company and consumers because they feel that they are part of the company and that their opinions are valued.
In addition to that, consumers feel that the products and services of a certain company are safe to use when the company allows them to participate in the design and production process.
Opportunities for Recent Graduates
There are several roles that a graduate can have in business management. Some organizations offer graduate programs that focus on training and development meant to bridge the gap between an academic setting and a real-world business experience. Some of these companies include Morgan Hunt [see attached advertisement].
For graduates who would like to get a formal job directly after school, the business world offers exciting career roles such as a Management Consultant or a Project Supervisor/Manager.
Advertisements for these job opportunities can be found on the Internet, newspapers and magazines, television and even radio. However, with the advancing technology, the Internet remains the leading mode of advertisement thorough websites and social media.
Skills, Knowledge and Experience
There are general as well as specific skills that are needed for success in landing a career in the business world. For example, a graduate interested in applying for the position of a project manager would require the following skills;
Critical/creative thinking and problem solving skills
Good management of time and resources
Excellent organizational skills such as planning etc
Strong attention to detail
And exceptional communication and interaction skills
The requirements stated above are the general skills. Of course, one needs relevant academic qualifications. The roles of the project manager in the organization include;
Implementing, monitoring, controlling and terminating a particular project
Coming up with practical schedules that can meet deadlines
Estimating the project cost and coming up with an appropriate budget
Team management and resourcing
Performing regular quality assurance checks
Risk management and mitigation in relation to a certain project
Since the research centers on a recently graduated individual, there are no specific years of experience needed at this stage. However, a post-graduate training and development program can be an added advantage.
There are several ways through which one can be selected or recruited for the position of project manager. For example, some companies monitor and mentor outstanding and promising students while in school in preparation for a role at the company upon graduation. Other companies offer graduates a training program before they can be considered for employment. These training programs are meant to instill specific skills to an individual in relation to the position being targeted.
There is also the traditional method of making a physical and written application letter for a job. Successful applicants are then called for an interview by the company recruitment officers and after that the best applicant is selected for the job.
Advertised Career Opportunity
A G15 Housing Association company is looking to include a project manager in their workforce. The project manager will be located either in East Sussex or Kent. The company is offering a competitive starting salary of $45000 per year and a car allowance of $1800 with options for further career development and promotion. He/she will be responsible for identifying untapped development opportunities and the overall management of various projects including drafting budget reports and overseeing the implementation process of day to day projects.
For one to land this job, he /she must possess some experience working in the housing sector. For a graduate, this experience can be acquired through voluntary work and internship opportunities in housing companies. The applicant should also possess knowledge of various legislations associated with buildings and construction. Additionally, he/she must understand issues related to land management and regeneration.
The advertisement is made available courtesy of Morgan Hunt, an employment and recruitment agency.
This research comes up with several findings in relation to careers in business management. It is evident that the business world is changing every day with the advancing technology and new trends. As such, it is important for me as a graduate to familiarize myself with all recent developments and possible future prospects for the business world so that I am in a position to satisfy all emerging requirements and skills necessary for a business profession. For example, it is essential to acquire computer skills that are in demand in the technology-driven business landscape such as computer programming and website design.
Additionally, it is necessary for me to familiarize myself with the requirements and qualifications for a profession in business management. This is because employers are not only looking for academic success but also personal achievements and characteristics that set one apart from all other graduates who did well in school. For example, I should work on cultivating and improving my communication, writing and listening skills. Additionally, I should engage in projects or events that can help me learn how to work effectively as a team. Being a leader of a team will also prepare me to effectively manage my colleagues at the workplace.
The advertisement document can be accessed at;